How RFID Technology Helps Domestic And Wild Animals
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) readers and tags are used to wirelessly identify objects. RFID solutions exist for a variety of industries, such as retail, government, and manufacturing; however, RFID readers are also being used to track tagged animals, both domesticated and in the wild. RFID technology can keep track of animals that are lost or endangered, and often plays a significant role in rescue and preservation efforts. Here are a few of the many ways RFID readers can be used to track animals:
It is becoming increasingly common for veterinarians to tag pets with GPS-enabled RFID chips. If a pet becomes lost, it can be tracked using its RFID tag. The RFID tag can also identify the animal and provide the owner’s contact information if someone finds it and brings it to the vet or an animal shelter. This RFID technology not only helps to reunite pets with their owners, but it also helps veterinarians and animal shelters deal with the overpopulation of stray animals.
Livestock and Farm Animals
Farmers can use RFID readers and tags to identify livestock pedigrees and medical information. The animal’s information is uploaded to a database, and can be accessed with an RFID reader during inventory counts or visits to the veterinarian. RFID solutions with GPS allow farmers to keep track of the animal’s movement, heart rate, travel patterns, and eating habits.
RFID technology is also used to track wildlife for both the safety of the animals and for research. Information on a wild animal’s migratory patterns, eating habits, and day-to-day movements are used in research, especially on wildlife reserves. For endangered animals, GPS-enabled tags can be tracked with RFID readers and software to determine whether an animal is in a safe location or not. The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) has been protecting endangered animals from poachers using RFID technology and drones. Once an endangered animal is located, the drone can pick up on thermal energy from poachers. Officials and rangers are then notified of the location of the poachers, and the poachers are detained—preventing them from killing or severely injuring any more animals.
RFID technology is invaluable when it comes to locating, monitoring, and keeping track of information for a variety of objects and assets within different industries. The ability to monitor populations of animals for their own safety and well-being is quite an achievement for humans and technology. RFID readers and tags not only protect assets for businesses, but they also contribute to the maintenance and preservation of our endangered wildlife and their natural habitats.